Rising attacks, vote-buying threaten polls, INEC cries out

dee prof. mahmood yakubu
dee prof. mahmood yakubu

The Independent National Electoral Commission on Monday expressed concern that persistent attacks on its facilities were threatening successful conduct of the 2023 elections.

The commission also lamented that its past efforts to curb vote-buying failed, adding that the vice could mar successful conduct of the elections.

The electoral commission expressed the concerns at two different events in Abuja on Monday as part of the preparations for the elections.

Speaking at a two-day workshop on political violence and election security organised by the National Defence College in collaboration with African Global Empowerment and Development Network, the INEC chairman, Mahmood Yakubu, insisted that there must be an end to the attacks on its facilities as well as the insecurity ravaging parts of the country if the commission must conduct free, fair, and credible elections in 2023.

Yakubu added that if the attacks continued till next year, they could impede the successful conduct of the polls.

He also said if the insecurity in some parts of the country did not cease; it could affect candidates’ chances of having the required number of votes stipulated by the constitution to be declared the winner.

The chairman who was represented by INEC National Commissioner and Chairman, Information and Voter Education, Festus Okoye, stated, “The commission is preparing well for the 2023 general elections. Although, we have recorded some reverses in some of the states of the federation in relation to attacks on some of our facilities leading to the destruction of ballot boxes, voting cubicles, and permanent voter cards. We have the capacity to recover from these attacks.’’

He noted, “Since the 2019 general elections up till 2022, we have recorded 50 attacks in 15 states of the federation. The ones we recorded in 2022 are the ones we considered systematic and coordinated. They are targeted at derailing our commission from conducting free and credible elections. We are recovering and will recover.

“But if these attacks continue to January and February next year, it will be difficult for us to recover. This is because if you look at section 134 of the constitution, there are thresholds that a candidate must meet before he/she can be declared a winner of any election.’’

Yakubu further stated, “For instance, if no winner emerges on February 25, the law says we have to conduct a second election within 21 days and only two candidates out of the 18 will participate in this second election. The candidate that records the highest number of votes in that election would be considered number one. The second will be the candidate that secures the majority of votes in the majority of the states.

‘’The constitution did not say it is the person who came second. Also, If for instance, we are unable to conduct elections in some of the local governments it will definitely affect the calculation of the threshold required to make a declaration. We also have a constitutionally prescribed window with which we must conduct elections, so if we have sustained insecurity in the country, it may be difficult for the country to achieve this mandate given to us.”

He stated that the commission had sought the help of the National Assembly as well as the security agencies to ensure that its offices and staff’s security were given priority.

Yakubu added that the commission had commenced the replacement of materials lost to the various attacks, assuring that the BVAS machines needed for the 2023 elections would be made available before the end of the year.

He said, “We don’t want distractions. That is why we have made it very clear to the National Assembly that all our offices must be declared as a high priority that needs adequate protection. We don’t want these attacks to continue although we have assurance from the security agencies to protect our staff and offices.

“Already, we are reprinting the PVC damaged in some of the attacks, we are also purchasing new cubicles and ballot boxes to replace the ones lost to the attacks. We are trying to rent offices for those we can’t repair. But I want to assure Nigerians that we are prepared for this election. The entire BVAS needed for this election will be on the ground before the end of the month. “

The INEC chairman also assured that the Bimodal Voter Registration System cannot be manipulated, adding that those buying up PVCs were doing so to oppress voters.

“There is no way anyone can bypass the BVAS machines. They can only oppress voters by buying their PVCs. It is not possible for a PVC to be used by another person,’’ he assured.

Yakubu also disclosed that the commission had updated its Memorandum of Understanding with the various transport unions and would co-opt their leaders in the commission’s situation rooms.

Also, at a stakeholders’ summit on ‘Addressing the influence of money on the 2023 general election,’ INEC  organised in collaboration with the MacArthur Foundation, in Abuja, Yakubu said inducement of voters could mar the elections.

He said, “The negative role of money in elections goes to the very heart of our democracy. It destroys the very basis of democratic elections which is that citizens should freely choose those who exercise power on their behalf. It renders the emergence of the right candidates for positions extremely difficult, undermines fair electoral adjudication, and destroys the professional and independent conduct of INEC officials and other public agencies involved in elections.

“Even more worrisome is the high prospect that criminal money may find its way into our elections through money laundering. Above all, the pernicious use of money tremendously increases the likelihood of election violence due to a ‘win at all costs’ mentality among contestants who would have invested a fortune in the election.

‘’Surely, elections are not a business venture for profit. Instead, it is an application to serve the people with the understanding that they may prefer someone else on one occasion. But then, there would be an opportunity to reapply after four years.’’

According to him, the commission has over the years introduced a number of measures, including the slight reconfiguration of the polling units to bring the ballot boxes closer to the voting cubicles to discourage the exposure of the marked ballot papers by voters to vote buyers.

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‘’We also banned the use of smart phones and photographic devices by voters in the voting cubicles. Yet, these measures have recorded limited success,’’ Yakubu lamented, adding that this informed the need to collaborate with relevant institutions to fight the menace of money influence in the electioneering process.

“We must mobilise every relevant national institution to support our effort. We must rely on the professional and other capacities of cognate agencies in our determination to improve electoral administration in Nigeria,” he said.

The INEC boss acknowledged that the EFCC, Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, the Newspaper Proprietors Association of Nigeria, National Broadcasting Commission and the Advertising Regulatory Council of Nigeria, ARCON  have all pledged their cooperation in this regard.

While admitting that there are lawful means of dealing with election traders as it were, Yakubu added that more still needed to be done to stamp out the menace of financial corruption in the system.

His words, “The commission is aware that legal provisions and the actions of the agencies are critical but will not be enough to completely root out the deep-seated cancer of corrupt money in our elections. The concerted actions of citizens are crucial. Citizens must reject inducements to sway their votes through vote buying.’’

“They must also engage effectively in stopping the negative use of money in our electoral process generally by reporting cases to INEC and other agencies. In addition, civil society organisations should make this a major plank of both their pre-election and election observation activities. Financial institutions, religious organisations, traditional institutions, the media, civic bodies and, above all, citizens must also join in this fight,” he stressed.

That said, the INEC boss said those bent on doing business as usual would expectedly fight back, noting, however, that the commission has resolved to run them out of their ignoble venture.

“We fully realise that today’s initiative will not go down well with people who may not be committed to the growth of our electoral system and the consolidation of our democracy. We expect them to fight back. There will be both covert and overt pressure, countervailing actions and even threats by these vested interests.

‘’I wish to reiterate that our loyalty is to Nigeria and our allegiance is to Nigerians. We are committed to working with the collaborating agencies to see that this initiative succeeds in the 2023 general election and beyond,” he said.

Represented by his Chief of Staff, Hadiza Zubairu, the EFCC boss, Abdulrasheed Bawa, said over the decades, vote-buying has become a major obstacle to free, fair and credible elections in Nigeria.

Warning politicians, he said the EFCC would continue to monitor compliance with section 2 of the Money Laundering (Prevention and Prohibition) Act, 2022 on “limitation to make or accept cash payment,” in the processes leading to the 2023 elections.

Usman Baba,  the IG represented by Assistant Inspector General of Police (Operations), Bala Ciroma, on his part, identified violence, thuggery, use of money and ballot box snatching as some of the ills threatening credible elections in Nigeria.

Meanwhile, nine weeks to the general elections, INEC has said it will require additional funds to replace the buildings, permanent voter Cards and other assets destroyed in various attacks on its facilities across the country.

The commission explained that it would decide the appropriate time to request for the funds.

The PUNCH reports that the electoral body had so far recorded 50 attacks on its facilities across 15 states in the last four years.

Speaking with The PUNCH on the impact of the attacks on the commission’s preparation for the polls on Monday, the Chief Press Secretary to the INEC chairman, Mr Rotimi Oyekanmi, affirmed that more financial resources would be required to address the losses the commission had suffered in recent times.

He stated, ‘’Definitely, more funds will be needed to replace destroyed buildings and resources. However, the commission will, if the need arises, decide on the appropriate time to approach the National Assembly for additional funds.’’

Asked if the commission had set up a committee to assess the destroyed assets and compute the costs, Oyekanmi said this has yet to be done.

When asked if the National Assembly would accede to funding request by INEC, the spokesperson to the Senate, Senator Ajibola Basiru, said that the outcome of such a decision cannot be pre-empted until it is debated on the floor of the Senate after the request might have been made.

In an interview with our correspondent, the Director of Strategic Communications of the National Election Management Committee of the Peoples Democratic Party Presidential Campaign Council, Chief Dele Momodu, said the PDP would champion any course aimed at making sure that the 2023 elections are held as scheduled.

He stated, “The party will support anything that will make the forthcoming elections take place. We must not give chances to bad people in this country. The President, Major General Muhammadu Buhari (retd.) has repeatedly promised to deliver hitch-free elections in 2023 and as a party and campaign council committed to the sustenance of democracy, we will continue to support INEC. So, the commission has our support on this,” he said.

Similarly, the Deputy National Publicity Secretary of the party, Ibrahim Abdullahi described additional funding for INEC as rational, stressing, ‘’it is in our overall interest provided that will justifiably facilitate credibility  of the process whilst enhancing electoral integrity. Accordingly, INEC’s request is logical, rational and informed.”

 Also speaking, the National Chairman of the All Progressives Grand Alliance, Chief Victor Oye, urged the National Assembly to spare no effort in assisting the electoral umpire to deliver on its mandate.

“The National Assembly should listen and address the needs of INEC. This is to ensure that the 2023 elections hold as expected,” he said.

On his part, the National Publicity Secretary of the Social Democratic Party, Rufus Aiyenigba said INEC is in a better position to know what impact the damage to its facilities would have on the conduct of the elections.

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