Nigeria to rebase CPI, GDP –Statistician General

The Statistician General of the Federation, Mr Simon Harry, says processes are ongoing to rebase the nation’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures inflation rate, by the end of the year.

Harry disclosed this Thursday in Akwanga, Nassarawa State, while briefing newsmen on the sidelines of a two-day retreat for the governing board and management of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

He explained that statistical processes were already ongoing for the rebasing of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2023.

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“Certainly, there are processes involved for both macro-economic indicators and without us accomplishing those processes, there is no way that rebasing can be done fully.

“For the GDP, which measures the performance of the economy, there are certain statistical activities that will have to be carried out.”

He said that the National Business Sample Census (NBSC) which would determine the structure and dynamics of businesses in Nigeria had been done.

According to him, the process for the National Agricultural Sample Census (NASC), which determines the status of growth of the agricultural sector, one of the major sectors driving the GDP, has begun.

“We are currently conducting the pilot, the main fieldwork will be commencing in April, and so, that is a very important activity.

“The other important statistical activity that we will be carrying out is the Nigerian Living Standard Survey (NLSS) because we want the base year to be very current and so we do not want to use the 2018-2019 NLSS.

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“So this year, we are conducting a fresh NLSS and preparations have already commenced so that by June or July, we shall be going to the field hoping that the result will be out by November of this year.


“So, until all these activities are completed, one for the CPI, as we need the NLSS for us to be able to form a strong benchmark for rebasing, the same also for the GDP.

“We are looking at the end of the year for the CPI, but for the GDP, we are looking at principally 2023 to rebase it fully when all these activities would have been fully completed and the results out.” On the retreat, Harry said it was basically to work out modalities for better work efficiency.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that rebasing of the GDP entails the replacement of the old base year used for compiling the GDP with a new, more recent base year for computing the constant price estimates.

Harry also said that the NBS had come up with a four-year Corporate Strategy from 2022 to 2025 which aligns with the National Development Plan (NDP).

According to him, the strategy is structured into seven priority areas of institutional and organisational development, infrastructure and human resource management.

Others are data production, which is the core mandate of the bureau, statistical advocacy, information technology and data dissemination.

“So, the belief is that if all these priority areas are well implemented and meticulously organised, certainly, we will be able to take not just the bureau but the entire statistical system in Nigeria to a loftier height and that is our target.”