From Charity Nwakaudu, Abuja
Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Timipre Sylva, has said that though Climate Change is a serious challenge to Africa but the alarming level of energy poverty needs serious attention.
Sylva made this known on Thursday, at a three day, Nigeria-Africa Natural Resources and Energy Investment Summit in Abuja.
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He stressed that both climate change and energy poverty should be addressed in a sustainable manner, adding that it should be a win-win situation.
He added that implication surrounding energy poverty, climate and sustainable development were not mutually exclusive.
The minister said in the face of the current high level of energy poverty worldwide, especially in Africa, all energy sources would be required to achieve sustainable development goal by providing access to affordable, reliable and modern energy.
” At the core of this challenge is the
issue of climate change that is eliciting clamour for transition to greener energy sources to reduce carbon emission.
“It is imperative that every nation and region come up with a green initiative to foster a collective combat against the incessant threat to the planet caused by carbon emission, as such initiatives must be bold, decisive and on target.
“It should however be borne in mind that such initiatives should reflect the realities and conditions prevailing in these places, particularly the socio-economic development and energy needs.
“The key consideration in every country’s energy policy should be pivoted on energy security; this constitutes a very high priority goal for nations all over the globe; the reason is not far-fetched, as energy propels economic growth.
“That makes energy security synonymous with optimum and sustainable economic growth; energy is an indispensable ingredient for human development and socio-economic prosperity. It is central to jobs creation, security, health, and other challenges facing humans,” he said.
According to him, this is why access to energy is prominently addressed in the UN Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development Goals, in particular, SDG 7 focusses on access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, as a fundamental right.
He said as at today, energy poverty was still much prevalent in the world, especially in Africa where millions of people do not have access to electricity or clean cooking fuels.
Quoting the UN data, he said that about 760 million people lack access to electricity worldwide, with three out of four of them living in sub-Saharan Africa.
He explained that one-third of the world’s population (about 2.6 billion people) had no access to clean cooking fuels, with over 900 million of these in sub-Saharan Africa.
He stated that only 48 per cent of Sub-Saharan Africa population had access to electricity, while only 18 per cent also have access to clean cooking fuels, compared with a global average of 90 per cent and 70 per cent respectively.
He added that World Bank statistics showed that the world average of carbon emissions was 4.48 metric tons per capita in 2018, with some regions and individual countries recording five to seven times this value.
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