From Fred Ezeh, Abuja
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), on Tuesday, disclosed that 149 deaths have been recorded from Cholera in 2022 out of 5, 451 suspected cases that was reported.
NCDC in its weekly epidemiological report confirmed that children below the age of five years are most affected, with 47 per cent males, and 53 per cent females.
The epidemiological report which was signed by the NCDC Director General, Dr. Ifedayo Adetifa, indicated that 13 states, namely, Yobe (918 cases), Borno (679 cases), Taraba (676 cases), Cross River (650), Katsina (378 cases), kano (333 cases), Jigawa (317 cases), Ondo (283 cases), Zamfara (178 cases) Adamawa (161 cases), Gombe (159 cases), Bayelsa (145 cases) and Bauchi (122 cases), accounted for 92 per cent of all cumulative cases.
Similarly, 12 Local Government Areas (LGAs) across six states, namely, Cross River (3), Taraba (3), Yobe (3), Borno (1), kano (1) and Zamfara (1), reported more than 100 cases each this year.
The NCDC, however, linked the rising cases of cholera across the country to increasing practice of open defecation in the affected communities, in addition to absence of potable drinking water in some of the rural areas and urban slums, poor hygiene practice in most affected communities, and inadequate health facility infrastructure and cholera commodities for management of patients (Ringer’s lactate and ORS).
Others challenges as highlighted by NCDC are difficulty in accessing some communities due to security concerns, inadequate trained personnel in states for case management, and poor and inconsistent reporting from states.
NCDC, however, disclosed that its next steps as regards response to cholera included sustained training on cholera surveillance, hotspot mapping, and development of state level preparedness and response plans.
The Agency added that it will maintain communication with and support states for data reporting and response, and also continue in advocacy efforts to states government to increase funding in WASH infrastructure, in addition to distributing response commodities across states, and also build capacity for sample collections, transportation and laboratory diagnosis, among others.